China General Information

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Nestled in the east part of Asia continent and west bank of Pacific Ocean, China is a large country with the territory of 9.6 million square kilometers. The coastline in mainland China stretches 18000 kilometers and its oceanic area covers 4.73 million square kilometers, which offers the captivating seascape of China. China is also a multinational country with 56 ethnic minorities, each of which has its own characteristic customs and traditions. China is also endowed with diversified terrain, where mountain, plateau and basins are all available. It is the rich terrains that create the varied landscapes in China. China is also a great country with time-honored history and profound culture, where numerous historical sites and culture relics are offered.

China travel guide is a panoramic guide for a perfect China travel, which offers the essential information about China travel, such as time-honored Chinese history, glorious Chinese culture, top China travel destinations, popular China attractions and the likes. This China guide would be of great help for you to get more ideas about China, a world-reputed middle kingdom. Read this China travel guide and discover why so many travel-addicts flock to China for traveling despite of fatigue and long journey!

China Facts

China is the most populous country in the world, with a population of over 1.35 billion. 

Official name: The People’s Republic of China

Capital: Beijing

International dialing code: +86

Population: 1.351 billion (2012) 

Area: 9.6 million sq km (3.7 million sq miles)

Government: Communist state, Socialist state, Single-party state

President: Xi Jinping (2014)

Prime Minister: Li Keqiang (2014)

National flag:    

National emblem: 

Anthem: March of the Volunteers (Yì yǒng jūn Jìn xíng qǔ )

Largest City: Shanghai

Provinces: 23

Official language: Standard Mandarin

Official written language: Vernacular Chinese

Official script: Simplified Chinese

Major religions: Buddhism, Christianity, Islam, Taoism

Life expectancy: 72 years (men), 76 years (women) (UN)

Currency: Renminbi

Monetary unit: 1 Renminbi (yuan) (Y) = 10 jiao = 100 fen;

Time zone: China Standard Time (UTC+8)

Ethnicity/race: Han Chinese 91.5%, Zhuang, Uygur, Hui, Yi, Tibetan, Miao, Manchu, Mongol, Buyi, Korean, and other nationalities 8.5%

National Holiday: Anniversary of the Founding of the People's Republic of China, October 1

Bank work hour: Bank  Mon-Fri 9am-6pm / Weekends 10am-5pm  

Electricity: 220v AC, 50AC. Plugs come in a variety of shapes including flat two pin & flat three pin.  

Photography: There are many photographic opportunities in China but be careful of the signs of "No Photo" or "No Flash" in order to protect relics.


Main Attractions: Great Wall, Forbidden City, Temple of Heaven, Terracotta Warriors and Horses, Yangtze River

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